Travnik is a city full of history. It is situated in the valley of the Lašva River and borded on the north with the mountain Vlašić and to the south Mount Vilencia. Travnik first appeared in 1244. Although remains from these centuries do not show the wealth the valley had known in Roman times, the era did have its share of castles and mansions. The Travnik Fortress was the most impressive fortress at the time, and still stands out as the best preserved of them all. This era gave Travnik its name.
The Ottoman era renewed the glory of Travnik. It was the principal city and military centre of the Ottoman Empire. It was from here that the Ottomans planed their invasions further towards the southwest. They brought mosques, religious schools, roads and water systems. They fortified the medieval fortress and built a mini-city within its high stone walls. For over 150 years, the vizier – the Ottoman Sultan’s representative in Bosnia – had his headquarters in this town, attracting both consulates and trade. Travelers visiting Travnik in this era were impressed by the town and called it the European Istanbul and the most oriental town in Bosnia.
Once you enter Travnik, you definitely won’t know where to turn your head and look. One of the things that I loved the most in Travnik was the colorful mosque, or the ornamented mosque. It dates all the way back to the second half of the 16th century.
Travnik will definitely take you back in time and therefore it is a must visit on your next trip to Bosnia!