Mostar is located in the south of Bosnia and Herzegovina, more precisely, located in the center of Herzegovina. The metropolitan area (Mostar and its surroundings) are geographically described as a node of northern, western and eastern Herzegovina. Through the center of the city extends the canyon of the Neretva River.

Middle Ages

The new period resulting fall of the Roman Empire and the coming of Slavs. During the early Middle Ages the area of ​​Mostar belonged to the province of Zahumlje (Hum).

The foundation of the city of Mostar is related to the construction of two towers / fortresses, mid XV. century, probably at the time of Herceg Stjepan. The fort on the right bank of the  River Neretva was named Tara, and on the left is Halebija. Herceguša tower was built right next to the Tower of Tara. It was used for defensive purposes, but also for keeping the former suspended bridge. It was built during the Duke Stephen, after whom it was named. And the first written mention of Mostar is connected with the two towers.

Name ,,Mostar” first appeared in Turkish census from 1468th to 1469th, and that it refers to the village around the two towers on  Neretva it is clear from a document of the meeting of Council of the Republic of Dubrovnik 1474 years.

During the war 1992nd to 1995th Mostar was the scene of the conflict and it is difficult to not get hurt. Destroyed everything what was built for decades, even centuries. Initially, the city was shelled by Serbian forces.  Serbs held most of the hills around Mostar and Eastern part of the city. In June 1992, Mostar and the Neretva valley are exempt from the joint action of the HVO and HV Lipanjske dawn.

In early May 1993 in Mostar begins Bosniak-Croatian conflict. Bosniacs, who until then had been in the HVO together with the Croats, pointing their guns in their comrades, but under duress Croatian forces retreat in the eastern part of the city . HVO blocked keeps the eastern part of the city that is under the control of the Bosnian Army and shelled it. During one such shelling HVO demolished the old bridge.

The old bridge was reconstructed and completely renovated in 2004, and since July 2005 has again been included on UNESCO’s list of protected cultural monuments of the world…

 

 

Let’s talk about mountains.

Maglić is the highest if not the highest mountain in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and one of the most beautiful mountains of Montenegro. One part of the massif of the nebula is located on the side of Bosnia and Herzegovina, while the other part of the territory is in  Montenegro. The highest point of Maglić has two peaks, Bosnian Maglić (2386 m) on the top side of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegros Maglić (2388 m) on the side of Montenegro, which is 2 meters above the top of the bosnian side. Unofficially, the honor of the highest peak of the mountain Maglić belongs to bosnian part of the mountain Bosnian Maglić (2386 m). The part of the mountain that is located in Montenegro is decorated with incredible beauty of Trnovačko Lake, one of the most beautiful in Montenegro.

Maglić massif is located about 20 km southwest of town Foča  close to the border with Montenegro. On the Montenegro’s side, the nearest place to Maglić is city Mratinje. The mountain is in the north and west and it is limited by Sutjeska River, in the southwest is mountain Volujak, in the east the river Drina and Piva and in the south Mratinjski bay.

Base and slopes are rich with water, but not plateau. There is a source of Dragos Sedlu (directly below the road) – near the monument of Nurija Pozderrac (war hero from World War II). There are sources in Rujevac that dry up in late summer. The most abundant is the source of the Emperor’s Dol that never dries up.

There are no permanent settlements on the mountain. Before the war, during the summer, many livestock producers are coming with their flocks of sheep to the plateau, but now (after the war)maybe there is no sheeps.

 

Well guys in this post we bring you story about beautiful bosnian city, Tuzla.

The settlement of Tuzla has always been closely tied to its salt resources. It goes from Greece, when Greeks were aware of the region’s salt.  Tuzla received its name much later. The present-day name is derived from the Turkish word Tuz, meaning salt. The first Ottoman document recording the exploitation of Tuzla’s saltwater springs dates from 1548.

When the Ottomans came in 1460, production increased fivefold and the settlement greatly gained in importance. Due to vast reforms in the 17th-century Ottoman administration, a freer development of the town economy occurred. With the introduction of modern crafts, Tuzla developed into the administrative centre of the Zvornik sandzak and became an important communications, military, trade and cultural centre in northeast Bosnia.

In the end of Ottoman’s rule Tuzla had approximately 5,000 inhabitants, making it one of the largest towns in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Many buildings from Ottoman times remain in Tuzla. Turalibeg’s Mosque, with a typical stone minaret, was built in the 16th century and still stands today. The Austro-Hungarians introduced more modern methods for salt and coal exploitation, and Tuzla became an integral part of the empire’s economy. The city continued to play an important economic role in Yugoslavia.

City is the economic, scientific, cultural, educational, health and tourist centre of northeast Bosnia.

Jungle, or literally the old forest, is called the the forest on wich man didn’t had influence, forests that have developed since its inception completely in natural way. Although,throughout history,  we have estroyed many, today these natural jewels are placed under strict protection, and one of the last examples is in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the National Park Sutjeska – named Perućica: One of the last surviving primeval forest in Europe.

Sutjeska National Park is the largest and oldest national park in Bosnia and Herzegovina and it was founded in 1962. Besides Perućica, it is the Maglič, the highest mountain peak in the country, 2,386 meters high.

According to scientists at the University of Yale, Perućica offers a unique study on the role of forest in the global carbon cycle, considering that she is one of the last virgin forest in a modern Europe, which makes it a perfect natural laboratory.

Because of its beauty and richness, in 1952 rainforest was declared strictly protected part of the nature that is exclusively used for scientific and educational purposes, and in 1954 is placed under state protection as a natural reserve.

Perućica is a true natural treasure, one of the last preserved in Europe. As the forest is very dense, in some areas is even impassable, and protected, and visits are allowed only by prior arrangement and a guide from the National Park Sutjeska.

In the southwestern no-man’s land of Herzegovina is the stunning valley of Popovo Polje. Vjeternica (which means ‘wind cave’) is the largest cave in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the warmer parts of the year a cold air blows from its entrance.  On the rocks at the entrance to the cave there are two carved stones, typical for Medieval tombstones in the region. In a scientific sense, Vjetrenica has been the site of many different forms of research, which may be traced back to the 16th century.

The ancient karst field is a minute piece of what is the one of the world’s largest karst field that stretches all the way into Croatia and Slovenia. Near the small town of Ravno and the medieval orthodox monastery of Zavala is the largest cave system discovered in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Vjetrenica Caves. This extensive cave system has in total over 6 kilometres of passages. The stunning main passage stretches on 2,50 kilometers.Amongst the many archaeological discoveries are the ancient cave bears and leopards, cave drawings that are estimated to be over 10,000 years old. The Cave is also home to many small lakes and endemic types of shellfish only found in deep underground aquifer systems.
Vjetrenica is now on the list for UNESCO protected areasin Bosnia and Herzegovina. The cave has recently been re-opened after extensive research and improvements to the infrastructure. Well marked road signs are visible throughout the main Popovo Polje road from Stolac to Trebinje and from the main coastal road in Croatia towards Ravno.

We would love to bring you the story and history of the historical town Višegrad.

Višegrad is one of the oldest settlements in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in the far east of Bosnia and Herzegovina, at the banks of the river Drina and the river Rzava. It is famous for its old bridge, built in 1571.  With its numerous cultural, historical and natural attractions, Visegrad has always stood for an interesting tourist destination. The Dobrun monastery, 12 kilometers far from the center of the town, is one of the most interesting tourist localities in Višegrad.

Višegrad

The bridge on the Drina is a heritage of the great vizier Mehmed paša Sokolović (in Turkish Sokollu Mehmet Paşa, 1505. or 1506-1579). He is one of the great Ottoman war generals who originated from Bosnia. He was born in the village of Sokolovići near Rudo in 1505. or 1506, and was a child of Orthodox parents.

At that time there was a tradition and custom known as Devširma, or „The contribution in blood”. Orthodox Serbian children would be taken away to Turkey where they would be converted to Islam and taught in their military schools to become Janissaries, the elite soldiers of the Turkish Empire. Bajica Sokolović was one such child, taken from the surroundings of Višegrad at a young age and given the name Mehmed.
The bridge is deservedly on the UNESCO World Heritage list. It used to connect the route from Bosnia to Constantinople (Carigrad – Istanbul) and today it is a place visited by many tourists, passengers, artists, admirers of history and architecture. The bridge is among the most significant national monuments in Bosnia and Herzegovina and a beautiful sight to behold.

 

Well guys in this post we bring you some old stories about The Old City of Ključ (Key).

The Old City of Ključ, in historical documents is known as Ključ on Sana is mentioned for the first time in 1322 in a property of an aristocratic family of Hrvatinic, more precisely Vukosav Hrvatinic, an uncle of the famous Herceg Hrvoje who built the royal town Jajce.
The Old city of Ključ is known as the last refuge of the Bosnian king Stjepan Kotromanic under the invasion of Turks led by Sultan Mehmed el-Fatih, so due to that “last emission“ of the Bosnian kingdom, Ključ is known as a royal city today.

“The Old City of Ključ actually consists of three parts: the guard tower Lubica, the entrance part-plateau, which is from an Ottoman period and is called Tabor towers, while the third part is much larger and intertwined in the cliffs of the gorge, and dates back to 13th century, and it is actually a medieval city- Ključ on the Sana river“, explains Fuad Alibegovic, a history professor from Ključ.
The old city of Ključ was declared as a national monument in 1951. After the war, the municipality of Ključ renovated the Tabor towers, the Ottoman part of the old town, with the Institute for maintenance of cultural and historical heritage, but the medieval city of Ključ on Sana remained intact, and is covered with dense vegetation, thick ivy and was ingrown in rocks rising vertically above today’s Ključ.

The Old City of Ključ

The Old City of Ključ is located within a pine forest, which is kept as a natural and healthy environment, with particular emphasis on the preservation of the environment of the Old Town.  Plans for the future include the lighting of the plateau and the walls of the Old City, and their placement in the hospitality and tourism purposes. With its towers on top of the high bare rock the Old City of Ključ is reminiscent of the castles of fairy tales, and it in a sense is, as it holds many secrets and tales like an eternal fairy tale and a mystery to all its visitors.

In this post we bring you a story about one of the longest rivers of the Balkans – the river Tara. The canyon of the Tara river is a unique phenomenon with a depth of 1000 and 1300 meters in some places. It ranks just behind the Grand Canyon of the Colorado River in the United States. It is the longest river of Montenegro with its course of 150 km and at the rivers end with a small part of it flowing through Bosnia & Herzegovina. Tara later flows into the Drina river.

During its whole flow the Tara river gets large amount of water from numerous springs and tributaries. On the left side Tara has tributaries Ljutica and Sušica and the most important tributaries are Vaskovaška River and River Draga. The most important spring is spring of River Bajlovica, which is located on the left side of the River Tara in the cave Bučavica. It yields several hundred liters of water per second and it falls to Tara River from 30 meter during its length of 150 metres. This is the scene which is hard to imagine and needs to be experienced. The Tara River has a lot of special places, but the most valuable ones are its cascades. The most famous ones are: Djavolje laži (Devil’s lies), Sokovina, Bijeli kamen (White stone), Gornji and Donji tepački Buk (Upper and Lower Tepački cascade).

Rafting on the Tara River

Aside from different activities such as fishing or hiking, the Tara River offers most one of the most challenging rafting adventures in Europe. It is rated on the scale from 3-5 as it attracts great numbers of adrenaline junkies. Rafting agencies have developed several starting points and routes for rafting experience. Most of them start from Foča. These agencies offer full package for one or more days, which includes equipment, a skipper, breakfast, lunch, etc.

In the valleys of Tara certain species from the ice age can be found. Beside these special species the flora of the Tara River is characterized by different types of forests: oak, ash, beech and birch.

Stanisici

Stanišići Etno Village was founded in 2003, as the result of the inspiration of its owner, Boris Stanisic. He had travelled the villages of central Bosnia for more than several years, in search of old houses and objects that would keep alive the image of the way of life at the turn of the twentieth century. The search ended in an authentic mountain village in the middle of the Semberian plain The village consists of two parts. One of them shows the secular life and it consists of wooden houses – cottages – with household objects that were used within them for centuries.

The second part of Stanišići Etno Village is of religious character, with medieval stone architecture. It is made up of a number of replicas of important historical and religious buildings.

The area features ponds, mills, traditional restaurants and a brook, the Etno Village Stanišići is made up of old original buildings transported to this place from all over Bosnia.The Stanišići Etno Village is located on the edge of the city of Bijeljina in the plains of Semberija in the Republika Srpska.

Traditional Bosnian specialities and international cuisine are served by waiters dressed in ancient costumes in the restaurants of the Stanišići Etno Village.

See The Stanišići Etno Village

An on-site museum offers an impression of what life was like in Bosnia more over a hundred years ago. Children can have fun on the playground or enjoy train rides around the lake. The Stanišići Etno Village is a village of some 20 authentic wooden houses, including a milk house, a smithy, an “ambar” (a wooden structure for storing grain), old houses and a large guesthouse, all of them brought there from villages of Vares Municipality and villages of Mount Zvijezda and Mount Romanija.

Here one rests his eyes and soul, he becomes kinder, while the babbling of the brook and the sound of the watermill make him wiser.

Trebinje – Emerald From The South

The Old Town of Trebinje was established in the 18th century and soon developed into a trading & crafts center named Kastel. As with most of Bosnia, Trebinje is no exception: its old town lines the banks of the Trebisnjica River that flows through the heart of the city. The river and the city have always been known for the enormous old mills treading the Trebisnjica. Although they are not fully functional today, they remain a symbol of Herzegovina’s not-so-distant past when everything was directly connected to the power of nature. In Trebinje, that power of nature was bigger before the river had been curtailed by the Grancarevo dam, some 15 km north-east from Trebinje. This dam was bound to swallow the Arslanagic Bridge. To save this beautiful example of Ottoman stone bridge building, it was taken, stone by stone, from a village seven kilometers up the river, and rebuilt in downtown Trebinje. Klobuk is the large fortress in Trebinje. It is assumed to date from the 9th century and is believed that the Slovenian princes of Krajina – Pavlimir and Tesimir were buried here. Since the 12th century it controlled the Nemanjic region until, in 1377, Klobuk became part of the expanded Bosnian state. 

The Arslanagic Bridge is one of the oldest bridges that date back to the Ottoman influences in this region. They say that the bridge was in a different location for some period in history, so what you see it. it is not the exact old authentic bridge. However, it carries the charm of old times, which otherwise can only be seen in the old town of Trebinje and some of old churches around. After visiting the amazing Monastery of Tvrdoš you should definitely visit its wine cellars. Cellars of the Tvrdoš Monastery still keep old traditional ways of storing and making wine. It has a great variety of local wines which you can taste or even buy. If you’re visiting the town of Trebinje and you’re a wine-lover, than you should definitely visit these excellent cellars.

 

The Tvrdoš Monastery

See the video

Buško Lake often called Buško blato (blato means mud) is a natural continuation of Livno’s field. It is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina at 716 m above sea level. The surface area of Buško Lake is the largest artificial lake – reservoir in Europe. Up until the 1970 the area of Buško Lake was farmlands and was converted into an accumulation lake. Before the lake was created the surrounding river wells released water into the fields and left the lowest levels drenched – hence Buško Mud (Blato). The artificial reservoir was formed to create energy for the Dalmatian coast. The maximum amount of water is 800 million cubic meters and the largest depth is 15 meters.

Buško Lake before 1970
Buško Lake before 1970

Buško Lake consists of a rich and wide assortment of fish (carp, trout, carp, chub, catfish). The interesting history of this region left numerous archaeological sites, numerous ruins to ancient times, many artifacts and necropolis with a large number of stečci. In addition to historical attractions the area offers the opportunity to practice almost all sports, particularly water sports. In the summer the water of the lake is very warm and pleasant for swimming. The lake is also suitable for all sports that need wind. The hills and mountains surrounding the lake offer hikers amazing climbing holidays and sights in the mountain lodges.
Apart from the above mentioned, the lake is very attractive for fishermen and attracts a great deal of professionals. The area of today’s lake before the construction of the water dams was made up of meadows and pastures, which provided hay for livestock, while arable land was closer to the settlements which was cultivated for a variety of grains and vegetables. During the big autumn and winter rains the field was largely flooded in winter and frozen. When the ice would melt with the coming of spring so much mud would appear in this area and the field got its name Buško Mud.

 

Check out the scenery of Buško Lake:

Bosnian Valley of Pyramids

Bosnian Valley of Pyramids – the world’s oldest pyramids in the Balkans

The Bosnian Valley of Pyramids is the largest complex of pyramid structures in the world. The Pyramid of the Sun (Visočica) which at a height of over 220 meters, is much higher than the Cheops Pyramid – The Great Pyramid of Giza. The second pyramid is the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon (Plješevica) which stands at 190 meters, followed by the Bosnian Pyramid of the Dragon (Buci) of 90 meters, and cultivated hills Temple of Mother Earth (Krstac) and the Pyramid of Love (Cemerac).

The Bosnian Valley of Pyramids is one of the oldest man made constructions ever built on the planet. They are the only remaining pyramids on Earth that have drawn energy data and provide energy impact that raises the spiritual activities of human civilization – a prominent Russian researcher of pyramids Valery Uvarov said in Sarajevo.

The Valley of Pyramids is located in Visoko which was Bosnia’s capital during the Middle Ages, where you can find ruins of a medieval fortress is located atop Visočica hill. The fortress was built over an old Roman Empire observation post, which in turn was constructed over the ruins of an ancient settlement. Which dates the pyramids themselves as beyond ancient.

Bosnian Valley of Pyramids Tour
The Ravne Labyrinth Being shown by Dr. Semir Osmanagich

The Bosnian Valley of Pyramids play an important role in raising spiritual awareness. Located underneath the complex of the Bosnian Valley of Pyramids is the underground labyrinth Ravne. The labyrinth itself is complex and is tens of kilometers long. The air inside is fresh throughout the entirety of its length which is due to different ceiling heights that cause difference in air pressure and act as a natural fan. There is no negative radiation in the labyrinth and the atmosphere was tested and is clean of bacteria and viruses. There is a great deal left to be discovered and the archeological team working round the clock to uncover history can be seen daily on location working hard to discover and preserve such an ancient relic.

Check out more:

10 Facts About The Bosnian Pyramids

If you want to find out more about the Bosnian Valley of Pyramids take a look at our guided tour.

Wild Horses of Livno

Wild Horses of Livno

Wild horses of Livno here we bring you the beautiful and cute story of these amazing animals.

The wild horses of Livno  are a breathtaking site and they live on a  plateau named Krug. As a result of mechanisation the  horses were set free and gathered in groups, as that’s how horses live –  together. In the nineties, the increasing population was under pressure from poachers, later they became protected by law, and today they are a tremendous attraction and an unforgettable once in a lifetime sight to behold.

Today these are actual wild horses of Livno as they are descendants of domestic horses that were used in agriculture. For almost half a century there has been no organized care for them by the state, they passed dozens of kilometers to be fed and watered. In spite of unfavorable weather conditions, the many threats of the wild, animals these wild horses of Livno survived thanks to the rich pastures of the plateau.

Ecological Society Borova Glava and Livno municipality are making an effort to care for these horses. They are hard to spot on your own, you may see a small side group or a few of the wild horses of Livno, but the truly breathtaking site of the whole heard of wild horses of Livno is not easily described in words.

From 2013 the wild horses of Livno are protected by state laws.

The fortress – castle, citadel is located within the complex of the medieval town of Jajce, at an altitude of 470 meters.

The fortress is an irregular square, which is caused by the configuration of the land. Its volume is 260 meters, and the surface of 4,800 square meters. It is assumed that the fortress existed in the 13th century. Some architectural remains found inside the fortress or within the medieval walls of the city, indicate that here, in mid-15th-century palace was built. The fortress was built over several centuries, repaired and renovated. In the northeast and the southeast corner of the fort are two strong four-sided tower, and it is assumed that one was a tower on the northeast corner. The original entrance to the fortress (barely one meter wide) is located on the west side. In the southwestern part of the fortress is a portal with the royal coat of arms.

King Stjepan Tomasevic, who definitely moved court to Jajce (1421-1461). For the design of the portal with the royal coat of arms in the spirit of the late Gothic, is very similar to the portal with the fortress Bobovac. During the Ottoman period were built support, to strengthen the walls of the fortress. Within the walls of the fortress was a mosque and a powder magazine.

In the era of the Austro-Hungarian rule, in addition to the powder-built water tank.